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Keywords

pharmacist, personal trainer, wellness, medication therapy management, physical activity

Abstract

Background: Pharmacists are currently providing comprehensive medication management in the outpatient setting. However, there is little documented evidence demonstrating pharmacists are generating further improved health outcomes utilizing non-pharmacologic support, such as fitness and nutrition counseling. The objective of this study is to determine if a pharmacist-led wellness program with medication management and lifestyle modifications through fitness and nutrition coaching can lead to improved biometric markers.

Methods: The wellness program targeted corporate employees and was offered in a corporate headquarters' setting with an on-site workout facility. The program was expected to recruit approximately 15 patients into the wellness program consisting of two treatment arms. The standard group featured nutrition-based classes, medication therapy management and fitness education. The intervention group performed the standard group's activities plus direct, supervised fitness training once weekly. Measured biometric markers were assessed at baseline, 3.5 months, and 7 months and included body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), fasting blood glucose (FBG), systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP), and full lipid panel (TC, TG, HDL, and LDL).

Results: Seventeen patients were enrolled in the study. The standard group (n = 11) and intervention group (n = 6) had relatively similar biometric markers at baseline. Seven total patients completed the study (4 from standard group, 3 from intervention group). The majority of biometric markers improved in both groups, and BP and LDL control was maintained for all who completed the study.

Conclusion: These data suggest that a licensed pharmacist with certified personal trainer credentials may be capable of maintaining biometric markers at healthy levels and improving where necessary in an employee wellness program through one-on-one medication, fitness and nutrition support. Additional, large-scale research is needed to verify the clinical outcomes and feasibility in a larger group setting.

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