Use of a Team-Based Video Simulation to Complement a Lecture in Motivational Interviewing to Develop Students’ Initial Attitudes and Skills

  • David F Malewski Touro University California
  • Shane P Desselle Touro University California
  • Ranjit Kali-Rai Touro University California
Keywords: Motivational interviewing, patient counseling, self-efficacy, simulation


Background: Motivational interviewing (MI) is increasingly recognized for its patient-centered approach to clinician-patient communication and often effective in evoking appropriate changes in patient behavior.  Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD) programs are increasingly incorporating MI education; however, doing so represents a challenge regarding availability of both time and labor capital.

Case Description: This study reports on the use of a 90-minute software-based simulation and tutorial coupled with a 90-minute lecture in a 3-hour course session. In a subsequent session consisting of several brief interactions with standardized patients (SPs), students reflected upon their strengths and challenges as a result of attempting to apply the MI principles they learned during the educational intervention.

Case Themes: Students’ responses to a questionnaire delivered both before and after the simulation and lecture, showed improvements in several attitudinal components related to use of MI, as well as developing self-efficacies in deploying patient-centered communication strategies. A post-intervention survey without students’ opportunity to study/prepare saw gains in student knowledge about MI.

Case Impact: The measurements employed to determine student’s attitude and knowledge showed good to very good internal consistency reliably based on calculated Cronbach’s alpha and KR-20. Student reflections indicated their understanding of MI principles, even though they fell short of implementing them in large part during their encounters with SPs.

Conclusion: Use of a video simulation undergone by teams of PharmD students coupled with a brief lecture might be an effective and efficient way of building a foundation for MI competency among PharmD students where instructors might lack labor capital and significant space in the curriculum.

article type

Original Research


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Received 2019-10-25
Accepted 2020-05-04
Published 2021-08-30