The Potential Effects of Implementing an Antibiotic Stewardship Program by Integrating It with Medication Therapy Service in a Low-Income Serving Clinic - A Single-Center Experience
Background: Bacterial antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a leading cause of mortality worldwide. Although AMR is common in low-income communities, there is limited evidence of the effect of antibiotic stewardship programs in low-income communities in the United States.
Objectives: Our goal is to assess the effects of implementing pharmacist-led ASP by integrating it with medication therapy management service (MTM) in a low-income serving clinic. We evaluated the following 1) antibiotic prescriptions per 1000 patients, 2) the frequency of clinic (office) visits 30-day post-index clinic visits for recurring infections.
Methods: To achieve our goal, we conducted a pre-post, quasi-experimental intervention study using an interrupted time-series analysis to assess the following: 1) antibiotic prescriptions per 1000 patients and the 2) frequency of office visits (including telehealth) within 30-day post-index clinic visits associated with recurrent infection.
Results: Our findings revealed that the long-term effect of our antibiotic stewardship program intervention was associated with 63.69% reduction in antibiotic prescriptions per 1000 patients (change in slope = -0.173, [95% CI: (-0.30, -0.05)], P < 0.007) and a reduction in the frequency of office visits within 30-day post-index clinic visits by 67.27% (change in slope = -2.043, [95% CI: (-3.84, -0.24)], P < 0.028).
Conclusion: Implementing antibiotic stewardship programs is feasible for clinics serving low-income populations. It was associated with a reduction in antibiotic prescriptions and preventable clinic (office) visits within 30 days due to infection recurrence.
Copyright (c) 2022 Arinze Nkemdirim Okere, Miquetta L. Trimble, Vassiki Sanogo, Ukamaka Smith, Clyde Brown, Sarah G. Buxbaum
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