Role of Pharmacist in Disaster Management: A Quantitative Content Analysis Approach

  • Muhammad Ahmer Raza The University of Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan
  • Shireen Aziz School of Pharmacy, Zhengzhou University, Henan, China
  • Misbah Noreen The University of Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan
  • Shahid Masood Raza Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Hubei, China
Keywords: Pharmacist, natural disasters, disaster management

Abstract

Background: Little attention has been given to characterizing the roles of pharmacists in disasters even though the importance of pharmacists’ involvement is widely acknowledged.

Objective: We amid to review a broad range of pharmacists roles in disasters and their response by numerous reports in the literature.

Method: A quantitative content analysis technique was used to gather data consisting of words and phrases from literature regarding pharmacists’ roles and their response in disasters.

Results: A total of 106 reports were reviewed and screened based on titles and abstracts. Of these, only 20 studies were determined to meet the eligibility criteria for discussion. A total of 7 natural disasters (pandemics, tornadoes, fires, earthquakes, floods, hurricanes and storms) were found in the literature.  Roles were classified using the Setlak classification scheme, which includes descriptors such as pharmaceutical supply, patient management, policy coordination, and response integration. Pharmaceutical supply was remains the pharmacists’ preferred role.

Conclusion: It is evident from the literature that pharmacists are uniquely positioned during disasters to provide healthcare continuity and medication.

 

article type

Review Article

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Dates
Received 2021-09-03
Accepted 2021-10-07
Published 2021-10-15
Section
Pharmacy Practice & Practice-Based Research