Anemia and Dietary Behaviors among Young Adults in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

  • Fakhr M. Alayoubi College of Pharmacy, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Mohamed Rashrash Pharmaceutical & Administrative Sciences, University of Charleston School of Pharmacy
  • Yasmin Alsharawy King Saud University, King Khalid University Hospital
  • Samha Alayoubi King Saud University, King Khalid University Hospital
  • Wed A. Alayoubi College of Medicine, King Saud Bin Abdul-Aziz University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Nouf Alnumair Department of Genetics, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Tareq Owaidah Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Alfaisal University, King Faisal


Objective: The study sought to assess the prevalence and the risk factors associated with anemia among male and female young adults in (Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia).

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at King Saud University and Alfaisal University in September 2016 among young adults aged 18 to 28 years old. Data were collected using an interview questionnaire. Additionally, the respondents were evaluated clinically and via laboratory testing for anemia.

Results: Our study population showed a higher percentage of men as compared to women participants. About half of our study sample had a lightly active lifestyle, and more than one-third of the study participants were overweight (34.7%). The average age of the respondents was 22.08 ± 1.98 years. The only factor significantly associated with anemia was gender, in that female gender showed a positive association with anemia.

Conclusion:  The most explicit risk factor for anemia among Saudi individuals of college and young professional ages was the female gender. Dietary lifestyle, heavy menstruation, pregnancy, and intake of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs were additional important risk factors among these individuals, but they were statistically not significant.


Article Type: Original Research

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Received 2019-10-13
Accepted 2019-11-15
Published 2019-12-06
Pharmacy Practice & Practice-Based Research