Understanding the trends in race, sex, and age: an epidemiological descriptive study of socio-demographic factors for COVID-19 deaths and cases in Michigan

  • Mohaymin Kadir
  • Ya Yang
  • Madison Polay
  • David Klemet Georgetown
  • Charles Lim Olsen
  • Jeanette Batres
  • Manvinder Toor



While disparities have been observed in the impacts of COVID-19 in the United States, there is limited literature available specific to the state of Michigan. The purpose of this study is to understand if the nationally observed disparities exist in Michigan. This study analyzed disparities by examining data from the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services (MDHHS) with attention to prevalence rates and case fatality rates for COVID-19 in Michigan. Analysis was done through the calculation of crude prevalence. Race-specific and sex-specific prevalences were calculated individually to highlight differences based on socio-demographic factors. Findings revealed that: (1) males are more likely to test positive and die from COVID-19 compared to females, (2) Black/African American individuals have higher fatality rates when compared to other racial groups, and (3) older adults are found to have higher death rates than younger adults. These findings are important as they tease out existing health disparities from COVID-19. This study suggests that COVID-19 mitigation efforts should focus on the socio-demographic factors that are most disproportionately affected by COVID-19.


Author Biographies

Mohaymin Kadir


Ya Yang


Madison Polay


David Klemet, Georgetown


Charles Lim Olsen


Jeanette Batres


Manvinder Toor


Research Articles