Gender Differences in Stress and Coping in First-Year College Students

  • Dalia R. Gefen
  • Marian C. Fish
Keywords: Transition, stressor, development, psychological, symptoms, loneliness, depression, anxiety, gender, workshops, coping, stretegy

Abstract

This study investigates the types of stressors experienced by first-year college students and compares the stressors, stress levels, and coping strategies of males and females. Three research questions were addressed: (a) Which types of stressors do first-yearcollege males and females face? (b) Are there differences in the levels of stress experienced by males and females? (c) Do males and females use different types of coping strategies? Results suggest that first-year college students experience a number of stressors, mainly ones related to academics, finances, and personal relationships. A differential relationship was found such that females experienced higher levels of stress than males. Female students also reported experiencing significantly more stressors related to academic demands and relationships, whereas males reported experiencing more stressors related to finances. Although females used many of the same coping strategies as males, they differed in the amounts of certain strategies used, mainly emotion-focused ones. Implications are provided for personnel working with first-year college men and women.

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How to Cite
Gefen, D. R., & Fish, M. C. (2012). Gender Differences in Stress and Coping in First-Year College Students. Journal of College Orientation, Transition, and Retention, 19(2). https://doi.org/10.24926/jcotr.v19i2.2797
Section
Feature Articles