Exploring Building Information Modeling (BIM) in Interior Design Studio
Keywords:Building Information Modeling, design process
Building Information Modeling (BIM) platform is a way for the architecture, engineering, and construction industry to manage building data throughout the project's life cycle from conception to construction and through facility management (Asojo, 2012; Mostafa, 2016). Revit is a BIM software application used to produce two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) drawings during the design process (Slotkis, 2017). In interior design education, limited studies focus on the influence of BIM/Revit on the design process. This study examined the influence of BIM/Revit on the design process in an interior design studio setting. From the literature review, a study examined BIM/Revit application in interior design curricula (Asojo, 2012). Other studies compared the use of manual drawing and BIM, and compared the use of BIM between the various phases of the design process (Gibson, 2007; Leicht and Messner 2007; Zuo, et al., 2010). To build on existing literature, a qualitative case study was conducted to explore BIM/Revit's influence on the design process in a Midwest University sophomore interior design studio. In a five-week project, students designed a 3rd Place Work Cafe using Revit. Data was collected by interviews from n=6 students. With regard to how Revit is used in an interior design studio, four themes emerged from the data. Students reported Revit facilitated their initial concept development, space planning exploration, human needs accommodation, and details exploration.