Transition Towns is a citizen-led movement that seeks to address individual and societal dependence on fossil fuels and the need to reduce greenhouse gas production in order to fight climate change. The foundation of Transition is permaculture, a design process based on whole-systems thinking informed by the patterns and relationships found in nature. Since its inception in 2005, the Transition movement has spread worldwide, as people in small groups and across large towns look for ways to take practical action to fight climate change: from home vegetable gardens to weatherization work parties, from time banks and tool shares to renewable energy systems. Transition looks different in every location because it meets the needs and draws on the skills of the local community. This article looks at Transition in one community: The Twin Cities of Minneapolis and St. Paul, profiling several Transition Town groups.
Transition Movement; Transition Town; energy descent plan; permaculture; climate change; sustainability; carbon footprint; greenhouse gases; relocalization; Inner Transition; climate resilience; partnership; hierarchies of actualization; community-based social marketing; resilience
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MacKenzie, Leslie and Lewis-Hunstiger, Marty
"Partnerships in Sustainability: The Transition Town Movement in Minnesota,"
Interdisciplinary Journal of Partnership Studies:
2, Article 2. Available at: