Ambulatory Care Pharmacists, HIV, Multidisciplinary, Free Clinic, Bilingual
Objective: Describe the role and integration of ambulatory care pharmacists in a Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) clinic within a free and bilingual clinic with regards to types of interventions made during the patient-pharmacist visit.
Design: Retrospective, single-centered, chart review.
Setting: Free, bilingual clinic in Richmond, VA.
Participants: Thirty-two adult patients with diagnosed HIV receiving care in the clinic between June 30, 2010 and January 26, 2011.
Main Outcome Measure: Types of interventions documented during the patient-pharmacist visit, categorized as medication review, patient education, or adherence monitoring.
Results: Total of 32 patients accounted for 55 patient-pharmacist visits and 296 interventions. The most common interventions were medication review (66.9%), patient education (23.3%), and adherence monitoring (9.8%). Post-hoc analysis suggests Hispanic patients are more likely to be diagnosed with Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) (P = 0.01), have current or history of opportunistic infection (OI) (P=0.01), and have current or history of OI prophylaxis (P = 0.03). Adherence monitoring was less common amongst the non-Hispanics (7.1%) compared to the Hispanic sub-population (16.5%), (P = 0.04).
Conclusion: The role of ambulatory care pharmacists in a free and bilingual clinic goes beyond adherence monitoring. Pharmacists can be a valuable part of the patient care team by providing medication review and patient education for HIV and other co-morbidities within free clinics. Further research is warranted to assess outcomes and to further explore the underlying barriers to early HIV diagnosis and adherence within the Hispanic population.
Vanmali RS, Mayer SD, Fugit AM. The Role of Ambulatory Care Pharmacists in an HIV Multidisciplinary Team within a Free and Bilingual Clinic. Inov Pharm. 2013;4(1): Article 109. http://pubs.lib.umn.edu/innovations/vol4/iss1/10.